The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 (Central Act 18 of 2003) envisages to provide for conservation of biological diversity of the country, sustainable use of its components, fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the use of biological resources and generation and dissemination of knowledge thereof. The Act has been put forth as the country’s response to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1992.
India is the first country to have an Act of this kind, consequent upon which the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) has been set up in the year 2004. The National Biodiversity Authority and State Biodiversity Boards have the charter of acquisition of data and information pertaining to biological resources, reposition (storage and retrieval) of such information, generation of a knowledge base and dissemination of the knowledge for the benefit of citizenry. In this sense, the Act is different from most other legislations and therefore, has to adopt an unbeaten path.
The Jharkhand Biodiversity Board has been established by State Government by official gazette notification no.: Wildlife – 03 / 05 (part) – 6550, dated – 20/12/2007 in accordance with section 22 of Biological Diversity Act 2002. The headquarters of the Board is at the State capital, Ranchi.
The major functions of the Jharkhand Biodiversity Board, as per the Biological Diversity Act 2002 shall be to:
- advise the State Government, subject to any guidelines issued by the Central Government, on matters relating to the conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of its components and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilisation of biological resources;
- regulate by granting of approvals or otherwise requests for commercial utilisation or bio-survey and bio-utilisation of any biological resource by Indians; and
- perform such other functions as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act or as may be prescribed by the State Government.
Conservation of biodiversity, its sustainable use and Equitable Benefit Sharing.